The word arthritis literally means joint inflammation, but it is also refers to a group of more than 100 rheumatic diseases with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis the most common. According to annual estimates, approximately 46 million adults in the United States (about 1 in 5) report doctor-diagnosed arthritis.
The Most Common Forms of Arthritis
Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative arthritis, refers to the pain and inflammation that can result from the systematic loss of bone tissue in the joints. This wear-and-tear form of arthritis is most commonly associated with the natural aging process. For joint replacement you can visit https://curryorthopedics.com/.
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Rheumatoid arthritis, also known as rheumatism, is most common among people over 40 with women afflicted two to three times more frequently than men. It is characterized by inflammation and pain in the hands, arms, legs and feet. Organs such as the eyes and lungs may become inflamed as well.
Gout usually occurs in men over 40 and is caused by the elevated blood levels of uric acid which forms crystals in the joints causing them to become inflamed and painful. The immune system reacts to these crystals as if they were foreign invaders. Avoid excessive amounts of red meat, alcohol and sugar to keep gout at bay.
Degenerative Bone Disease – Osteoporosis
Degenerative bone disease or degenerative arthritis is caused by inflammation and the breakdown and loss of the cartilage in the joints. It affects the hands, feet, spine, hips and knees or virtually any joint in the body.
The cartilage helps the bones glide over one another and acts as a shock absorber. Over the years, the bones begin to rub against eachother beneath the cartilage. This leads to pain, swelling and loss of joint movement.